Commercial Building Facade

What are the different types of façades for commercial buildings?

What are the different types of façades for commercial buildings?

May 18, 2023

A facade is a term used to describe the front part of a building’s exterior and is one of the most important parts of any building, be it from a structural or aesthetic standpoint. A well-engineered façade ensures the safety and security of the entire building and its occupants while providing character to the structure to create a lasting impression. Traditionally, facades were built with stone or brick masonry since the focus was more on structural integrity. However, the requirements of modern commercial facade design have transformed as well.

Commercial Building Facade Designs

Here, we have listed some building façade designs that are currently being employed in modern buildings:

1. Glass Curtain Walls

Glass curtain walls have revolutionized architecture and façade designs all over the world. These façades, made of industrial materials, have a metal frame on which the glass panels are mounted. Several commercial buildings use these façade designs to create open spaces taking advantage of the transparency offered by glass. This provides an abundance of light within the structure, to enhance the atmosphere internally while providing a stylish look from the outside. 

2. Aluminium Façade

Aluminium façades are employed in commercial buildings where energy efficiency is a priority. The lighter weight of aluminium ensures easier installation and transportation thereby cutting down the operational and construction costs. Aluminium façades are easier to maintain compared to other designs and can be buffed and polished to get a clean surface and glossy appearance.

3. Clay and Ceramic Façade

Clay tile façades with contemporary, abstract designs provide an elegant look. Using clay as a façade material gives the structure a rich, organic appearance. It is also an excellent insulator that aids in regulating indoor temperature. Adding terracotta tiles to this design can enhance the appearance of the structure by giving it a rustic look. Clay façades provides a perfect combination of light and shadow inside the building providing a pleasant atmosphere to the occupants of the building.

Just like clay, ceramic facades are used as cladding material to create attractive designs. This eco-friendly material is versatile as well as attractive. Ceramic designs offer the façade a classic look and are very durable, providing the best thermal comfort.

4. Steel Façade

Steel can be used in a variety of designs to provide your commercial building with solid exterior strength. Options such as profiled sheets, steel infill walls, stainless steel glazing support, and sandwich panels are fast becoming a top choice for architects. Large steel curtain walls are another popular option that brighten up spaces with natural lighting and are ideal for entrances. Steel is a relatively ductile material, which makes it simple to weld and provides countless design options. They are extremely durable and do not deteriorate over time compared to other elements.

5. Stone Façade

Stone is a traditional building material that has been used extensively for construction throughout history. Although it is not widely used as a building material today, it is still a great option as a façade material. Natural stone veneers are easier to procure and are cheaper to install giving the building a natural look. It provides great durability and fire resistance along with better structural strength.

6. Green Façade

Green façades are a common choice for façade design, particularly in high-rise structures. They provide a natural look and bring us closer to nature. Greenery is allowed to flourish on metal support frames. Planter beds, and trellis and cable systems are used to support the growth of shrubs and creepers. Green façades provide unmatched thermal comfort and are a pleasing sight both from the inside as well as outside. However, they have their own disadvantages. These façades require higher maintenance and as the seasons change, they change their appearance. Irrigation and drainage are two things that need to be managed carefully. It’s also crucial to maintain these façades with frequent pruning and proper plant nutrition. Failing to do any of these might weaken the façade’s structure while turning it into an eyesore.